A directory is an organizational unit, or container, used to organize folders and files into a hierarchical structure. Directories contain bookkeeping information about files that are, figuratively speaking, beneath them in the hierarchy. You can think of a directory as a file cabinet that contains folders that contain files. Many graphical user interfaces use the term folder instead of directory.

Computer manuals often describe directories and file structures in terms of an inverted tree. The files and directories at any level are contained in the directory above them. To access a file, you may need to specify the names of all the directories above it. You do this by specifying a path.

The topmost directory in any file is called the root directory. A directory that is below another directory is called a subdirectory. A directory above a subdirectory is called the parent directory. Under DOS and Windows, the root directory is a back slash (\).

To read information from, or write information into, a directory, you must use an operating system command. You cannot directly edit directory files. For example, the DIR command in DOS reads a directory file and displays its contents.

In networks, a database of network resources, such as e-mail addresses.

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Term of the Day

  • Cryptography
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Backup Software Glossary

Current glossary explains various terms that you may come across while working with Handy Backup or other backup software.

Handy Backup is a backup utility for Windows Servers and PCs that is famous for its flexibility and ease of use.

The glossary contains 219 terms. The current section Data Management contains 13 terms.

Other “Data Management” Terms

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  • Disk Compression
    “The notion of disk compression dates from the mid-1980's, when hard drives were very much smaller and, relatively, much more expensive than today. A...”
  • Data duplication
    “Data duplication is a process of creation of an exact copy of data on a different medium. Most data duplication software out there simply lets you...”

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